“Diet” is assumed as “diaita”, a Greek term meaning “lifestyle” Passed on through generations, the Mediterranean Diet is a valuable part of the common cultural heritage of the Mediterranean, joining landscapes, techniques, arts and ancestral cultural assets with an unique diet ruled by a balanced combination of fresh and healthy food, seasonally and locally produced. Their multiple local expressions are the result of a common reasoning: a sustainable relationship of a wise people who lives from the gifts of the land and the sea. In Algarve this combination has a particularly interesting configuration, as this western part of Europe was a meeting point for all Mediterranean cultures during the last four thousand years. Here, as a result of this profound link between the land and the sea, the Mediterranean Diet enjoys from the best conditions to convey the essence of the “soul” of the Mediterranean, with the flavour of Algarve, to visitors.